Latest Publications



Reinhardt, L., Whitehouse, H. (2024). Why Care for Humanity?Royal Society Open Science. DOI:

Larson, J., Whitehouse, H., François, P., Hoyer, D., Turchin, P. (2024). Moralizing Supernatural Punishment and Reward: A Response to CriticsJournal of Cognitive Historiography. DOI:


Basava, K., François, P., Whitehouse, H. (2023). The Benefits and Challenges of Linked Datasets for Cliodynamics and Comparative AnthropologyCliodynamics. DOI: 10.21237/C7clio14162506

Ebner, J., Whitehouse, H. (2023). Identity and Extremism: Sorting out the causal pathways to radicalisation and violent self-sacrifice, Routledge Handbook on Radicalisation and Countering Radicalisation.

Whitehouse, H. (2023) Rethinking ritual: how rituals made our world and how they could save itJournal of the Royal Anthrological Institute. DOI: 10.1111/1467-9655.14048

Ebner, J., Kavanagh, C., Whitehouse, H. (2023). Assessing Violence Risk among Far-Right Extremists: A New Role for Natural Language ProcessingTerrorism and Political Violence. DOI: 10.1080/09546553.2023.2236222

Whitehouse, H. (2023). The Role of Ritual in the Evolution of Social Complexity, In Jamshid J. Tehrani (ed.) et al, The Oxford Handbook of Cultural Evolution. DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198869252.013.49

Ebner, J., Kavanagh, C., & Whitehouse, H. (2023). Measuring socio-psychological drivers of extreme violence in online terrorist manifestos: an alternative linguistic risk assessment model, Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism. DOI: 10.1080/18335330.2023.2246982

Whitehouse, H. (2023). Ritual, community, and conflict: reflections on the science of the social and its practical implicationsReligion, Brain & Behavior, DOI: 10.1080/2153599X.2023.2186940

Jędryczka, W., Misiak, M., & Whitehouse, H. (2023). Explaining political polarization over abortion: the role of moral values among conservatives. Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1027/1864-9335/a000525

Turchin, P., Whitehouse, H., François, P, Larson, J., & A. Covey (2023). Introducing a special issue on the role of moralizing gods in the evolution of socio-political complexityReligion, Brain & Behavior, 13:2, 121-123, DOI: 10.1080/2153599X.2023.2197316

Whitehouse, H., François, P., Savage, P. E., Hoyer, D., Feeney, K. C., Cioni, E., Purcell, R., Larson, J., Baines, J., ter Haar, B., Covey, A., & Turchin, P. (2023). Testing the Big Gods Hypothesis: a review and ‘retake’Religion, Brain, and Behavior. 13:2, 124-166, DOI: 10.1080/2153599X.2022.2074085

Turchin, P., Whitehouse, H., Larson, J., Cioni, E., Reddish, J., Hoyer, D., Savage, P. E., Covey, A., Baines, J., Altaweel, M., Anderson, E., Bol, P., Brandl, E., Carballo, D. M., Feinman, G., Korotayev, A., Kradin, N., Levine, J. D., Nugent, S. E., Squitieri, A., Wallace, V.,  François, P. (2023). Explaining the rise of moralizing religions: a test of competing hypotheses using the Seshat DatabankReligion, Brain & Behavior, 13:2, 167-194, DOI: 10.1080/2153599X.2022.2065345

Turchin, P., Whitehouse, H., Larson, J., Cioni, E., Reddish, J., Hoyer, D., Savage, P.E., Covey, R.A., Baines, J., Altaweel, M., Anderson, E., Bol, P., Brandl, E., Carballo, D.M., Feinman, G., Korotayev, A., Kradin, N., Levine, J.D., Nugent, S.E., Squitieri, A., Wallace, V., & François, P. (2022). Big Gods and Big Science: Further reflections on theory, data, and analysis. Religion, Brain & Behavior. DOI: 10.1080/2153599X.2022.2065354.


Whitehouse, H. (2022). The Ritual Animal: A Response to Reviews. Journal for the Cognitive Science of Religion. Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 182–195 DOI: 10.1558/jcsr.23748

Ebner, Julia, Christopher Kavanagh and Harvey Whitehouse (2022). The QAnon Security Threat: A Linguistic Fusion-Based Violence Risk Assessment, Perspectives on Terrorism, Special Issue on Anti-Government Extremism. 

Buhrmester, M. D., Cowan, M. A., & Whitehouse, H. (2022). What Motivates Barrier-crossing Leadership? New England Journal of Public Policy. 34(2). 

Jong, J. (2022). Experimenting with Religion: The new science of belief. Oxford: OUP.

Ebner, T., Kavanagh, C., & Whitehouse, H. (2022). Is There a Language of Terrorists? A Comparative Manifesto Analysis. Studies in Conflict and TerrorismDOI: 10.1080/1057610X.2022.2109244

Whitehouse, H. & Kavanagh, C. M. (2022). What Is the Role of Ritual in Binding Communities Together? In Justin L. Barrett (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Cognitive Science of Religion.

Turchin, P., Whitehouse, H., Gavrilets, S., Hoyer, D., François, P., Bennett, J.S., Feeney, K.C., Peregrine, P., Feinman, G., Korotayev, A., Kradin, N., Levine, J., Reddish, J., Cioni, E., Wacziarg, R., Mendel-Gleason, G., & Benam, M. (2022) Disentangling the Evolutionary Drivers of Social Complexity: A Comprehensive Test of Hypotheses. Science Advances. 8, eabn3517. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abn3517.

Baranowski-Pinto, G., Profeta, V. L. S., Newson, M., Whitehouse, H., & Xygalatas, D. (2022). Being in a Crowd Bonds People via Physiological SynchronyScientific Reports.

Jagiello, R., Heyes, C. & Whitehouse, H. (2022). Tradition and Invention: The Bifocal Stance Theory of Cultural EvolutionBehavioral and Brain Sciences.


Muzzilini, B., van Mulukom, V., Kapitány, R. & Whitehouse, H. (2021). Shared Flashbulb Memories Lead to Identity Fusion: Recalling the defeat in the Brexit Referendum produces strong psychological bonds among Remain supportersJournal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition.

Whitehouse, H. (2021). The Ritual Animal: Imitation and Cohesion in the Evolution of Social Complexity. Oxford University Press.

Whitehouse, H. (2021). From Conflict to COVID: How Shared Experiences Shape Our World and How They Could Improve ItNew England Journal of Public Policy. 

Turchin, P., Hoyer, D., Korotayev, A., Kradin, N., Nefedov, S., Feinman, G., Levine, J., Reddish, J., Cioni. E., Thorpe, C., Bennett, J. S., François, P., & Whitehouse, H. (2021). Rise of the War Machines: Charting the evolution of military technologies from the Neolithic to the Industrial Revolution. PLOS ONE. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0258161.

​​Atran, S. (2021). The Will to FightScience. DOI: 10.1126/science.abl9949.

Stanford, M., & Whitehouse, H. (2021). Why Do Great and Little Traditions Coexist in the World's Doctrinal Religions? Religion, Brain & Behavior. DOI: 10.1080/2153599X.2021.1947357.

Lang, M., Xygalatas, D., Kavanagh, C. M., Boccardi, N., Halberstadt, J., Jackson, C., Martínez, M., Reddish, P., Tong, E. M. W., Vázquez, A., Whitehouse, H., Yamamoto, M. E., Yuki, M., & Gomez, A. (2021). Outgroup Threat and the Emergence of Cohesive Groups: A cross-cultural examinationGroup Processes & Intergroup Relations. DOI: 10.1177/13684302211016961.

Meng, X., Nakawake, Y., Hashiya, K., Burdett, E., Jong, J., & Whitehouse, H. (2021). Preverbal infants expect agents exhibiting counterintuitive capacities to gain access to contested resources. Scientific Reports. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-89821-0.

Coleman, T.J., & Jong, J. (2021). Counting the Nonreligious: A Critical Review of New Measures. In Ai A.L., Wink P., Paloutzian R.F., Harris K.A. (eds.), Assessing Spirituality in a Diverse World. Springer, Cham. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-52140-0_5.

Newson, M., Buhrmester, M., & Whitehouse, H. (2021). United in defeat: shared suffering and group bonding among football fans. Managing Sport and Leisure. DOI: 10.1080/23750472.2020.1866650.

Reese, E., & Whitehouse, H. (2021). The Development of Identity Fusion. Perspectives on Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/1745691620968761.

Turchin, P., Currie, T., Collins, C., Levine, J., Oyebamiji, O., Edwards, N., Holden, P., Hoyer, D., Feeney, K., François, P., & Whitehouse, H. (2021). An Integrative Approach to Estimating Productivity in Past Societies Using Seshat: Global History DatabankThe Holocene. DOI: 10.1177/0959683621994644.

White, F.A., Newson, M., Verrelli, S., & Whitehouse, H. (2021). Pathways to prejudice and outgroup hostility: group alignment and intergroup conflict among football fans. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1111/jasp.12773

Newson, M. (2021). High and highly bonded: Fused football fans who use cocaine are most likely to be aggressive towards rivals. International Journal of Drug Policy. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2021.103263.


Buhrmester, M., Zeitlyn, D., & Whitehouse, H. (2020). Ritual, fusion, and conflict: The roots of agro-pastoral violence in rural Cameroon. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations. DOI: 10.1177/1368430220959705.

Ebner, J. (2020). Going Dark: The Secret Social Lives of Extremists. London: Bloomsbury.

Jong, J. (2020). Death anxiety and religion. Current Opinion in Psychology. DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2020.08.004.

Kapitány, R., Kavanagh, C. & Whitehouse, H. (2020). Ritual Morphospace Revisited: The Form, Function and Factor Structure of Ritual Practice. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B, 375: 20190436. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2019.0436.

Kavanagh, C., & Jong, J. (2020). Is Japan religious? Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature and Culture, 14, 152-180. DOI: 10.1558/jsrnc.39187.

Kavanagh, C. M., Jong, J. & Whitehouse, H. (2020). Ritual and Religion as Social Technologies of Cooperation. In Constance A. Cummings, Laurence J. Kirmayer, Shinobu Kitayama, Robert Lemelson, & Carol M. Worthman (eds.), Culture, Mind, and Brain: Emerging Concepts, Methods, Applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kavanagh, C. M., Kapitány, R., Putra, I. E., & Whitehouse, H. (2020). Exploring the Pathways Between Transformative Group Experiences and Identity FusionFrontiers in Psychology, 11:1172. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01172.   

McPhetres, J., Jong, J., Zuckerman, M. (2020). Religious Americans have less positive attitudes toward science, but this does not extend to other cultures. Social Psychological and Personality Science. DOI: 10.1177/1948550620923239.

Newson, M., Buhrmester, M., Xygalatas, D., & Whitehouse, H. (2020). Go WILD, not WEIRD. Journal for the Cognitive Science of Religion, 5.2 (2017/2019) 1–27. DOI: 10.1558/jcsr.38413.

Newson, M., Shiramizu, V., Buhrmester, M. D, ..., & Whitehouse, H. (2020). Devoted fans release more cortisol when watching live soccer matches. Stress and Health. DOI: 10.1002/smi.2924.

Newson, M., & Whitehouse, H. (2020). The Twinning Project: how football, the beautiful game, can be used to reduce reoffending. Prison Service Journal, 248.

Tasuji, T., Reese, E., van Mulukom, V., and Whitehouse, H. (2020). Band of mothers: Childbirth as a female bonding experience. PLoS ONE, 15(10):e0240175. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0240175.

Turchin, P., Whitehouse, H., Francois, P.,  Hoyer, D., … & Xie, L. (2020). An introduction to Seshat: Global History Databank. Journal of Cognitive Historiography, JCH 5.1-2 (2018–19). DOI: 10.1558/jch.39395.

Turpin, H. (2020). Catholic Scandal, the Referendum, and the Ongoing Reconfiguration of Irish Moral Stances. In “Making Abortion Legal in Ireland: A Forum on Gender and Democracy” Drazkiewicz, E. & Strong, T. (eds). Social Anthropology / Anthropologie Sociale, 2020, 0 (0), 1-24. DOI: 10.1111/1469-8676.12914.

Turpin, H. & Stanford, M. Cognitively Informed Ethnography: Using mixed methods to capture the complexity of religious phenomena in two ecologically valid settings. Journal for the Cognitive Science of Religion, 5.2 (2017-2019), 1-22. DOI: 10.1558/jcsr.38498.

Whitehouse, H. & Fitzgerald, R. (2020). Fusion and Reform: The Potential for Identity Fusion to Reduce Recidivism and Improve Reintegration. Anthropology in Action, 27(1), 1-13. DOI: 10.3167/aia.2020.270101.

Whitehouse, H., François, P., Savage, P., ... & Turchin, P. (2020). A new era in the study of global history is born but it needs to be nurtured. Journal of Cognitive Historiography, JCH 5.1-2 (2018–19). DOI: 10.1558/jch.39422.

Willard, A. K., Baimel, A., Turpin, H., ..., & Whitehouse, H. (2020). Rewarding the good and punishing the bad: The role of karma and afterlife beliefs in shaping moral norms. Evolution and Human Behavior, 41(5), 385-396. DOI: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2020.07.001.

Yustisia, W., Putra, I. E., Kavanagh, C., Whitehouse, H., et al. (2020). The Role of Religious Fundamentalism and Tightness-Looseness in Promoting Collective Narcissism and Extreme Group Behavior. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 12(2), 231-240. DOI: 10.1037/rel0000269.​​​​​


Alderdice, Lord, J. (2019). Fundamentalism, Radicalization and Terrorism, Part I: Terrorism as Dissolution in a Complex System, & Part II: Fundamentalism, Regression and Repair. In Yakeley, J., & Cundy, P. (eds), Psychoanalytic Perspectives on Fundamentalism, Radicalisation and Terrorism. London: Routledge.

Alderdice, Lord, J. (2019). Ways out of Intractable Conflict. In Williams, R., Kemp, V., Haslam, S. A., Haslam, C., et al. (eds), Social Scaffolding: Applying the Lessons of Contemporary Social Science to Health and Healthcare. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Curry, O. S., Hare, D., ..., Whitehouse, H., & Macdonald, D. W. (2019). Cooperative conservation: Seven ways to save the world. Conservation Science and Practice. DOI: 10.1111/csp2.123.

Curry, O. S., Jones Chesters, M., & Van Lissa, C. J. (2019). Mapping morality with a compass: Testing the theory of ‘morality-as-cooperation’ with a new questionnaire. Journal of Research in Personality, 78, 106-124. DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2018.10.008.

Curry, O. S., Mullins, D. A., & Whitehouse, H. (2019). Is it good to cooperate? Testing the theory of morality-as-cooperation in 60 societies. Current Anthropology, 60(1), 47-69. DOI: 10.1086/701478.

Davey, J., & Ebner, J. (2019). 'The Great Replacement': The Violent Consequences of Mainstreamed Extremism. London: Institute for Strategic Dialogue.

Ebner, J. (2019). Countering (Post-)Digital Hate: What Can Civil Society Do? In Fielitz, M., & Thurston, N. (eds). Back to Front Truths: Opposing the Post Digital Cultures of the Far-Right. Columbia University Press.

Ebner, J. (2019). Replatforming Unreality. MIT Journal of Design and Science, 6.

Kapitány, R., Kavanagh, C., Buhrmester, M. D., ..., & Whitehouse, H. (2019). Ritual, identity fusion, and the inauguration of President Trump: A pseudo-experiment of ritual modes theory. Self and Identity. DOI: 10.1080/15298868.2019.1578686.

Macdonald, D. W., Johnson, D. D. P., & Whitehouse, H. (2019). Towards a More Natural Governance of Earth's Biodiversity and Resources. Conservation and Society, 17(1), 108-113.

Reddish, P., Tong, E., Jong, J., & Whitehouse, H. (2019). Interpersonal synchrony affects performers’ sense of agency. Self and Identity. DOI: 10.1080/15298868.2019.1604427.

Ross, R. M., Brown-Iannuzzi, J. L., Gervais, W. M., Jong, J., et al. (2019). Measuring supernatural belief implicitly using the Affect Misattribution Procedure. Religion, Brain and Behavior. DOI: 10.1080/2153599X.2019.1619620.

Stanford, M. (2019). The Cultural Evolution of Human NatureActa Biotheoretica, 68, 275-285. DOI: 10.1007/s10441-019-09367-7.

Vázquez, A., Ordoñana, J. R., Whitehouse, H., & Gómez, A. (2019). Why die for my sibling? The positive association between identity fusion and imagined loss with endorsement of self-sacrificeRevista de Psicología Social. DOI: 10.1080/02134748.2019.1639343.

Whitehouse, H. (2019). Is religion good or bad for humanity? Epic analysis delivers an answerNew Scientist.

Whitehouse, H., François, P., Cioni, E., ..., & Turchin, P. (2019). Was There Ever an Axial Age? In Hoyer, D., & Reddish, J. (eds.), The Seshat History of the Axial Age. Chaplin, CT: Beresta Books.



Alderdice, Lord, J. (2018). Terror and Terrorism. In Akhtar, S., & Twemlow, S. (eds), The Textbook of Applied Psychoanalysis. London: Routledge.

Alderdice, Lord, J. (2018). Terrorism and the Development of Thinking on Human Rights. In Ferstman, C., Goldberg, A., Gray, A., Ison, E., et al. (eds), Contemporary Human Rights Challenges: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and its Continuing Relevance. London: Routledge.

Apps, M. A. J., McKay, R., Azevedo, R. T., Whitehouse, H., et al. (2018). Not on my team: Medical prefrontal cortex responses to ingroup fusion and unfair monetary divisionsBrain and Behavior. DOI: 10.1002/brb3.1030.

Arrowood, R. B., Jong, J., Vail III., K. E., & Hood, R. W. (2018). Guest editors' foreword: On the importance of integrating terror management and psychology of religion. Religion, Brain & Behavior, 8 (1), 1-3. DOI: 10.1080/2153599X.2018.1411636

Buhrmester, M. D., Burnham, D., Johnson, D. D. P., ..., & Whitehouse, H. (2018). How moments become movements: Shared outrage, group cohesion, and the lion that went viral. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 6. DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2018.00054.

Buhrmester, M. D., Newson, M., Vázquez, A., ..., & Whitehouse, H. (2018). Winning at any cost: Identity fusion, group essence, and maximizing ingroup advantage. Self and Identity, 17(5), 500-516. DOI: 10.1080/15298868.2018.1452788.

Cho, P. S., Escoffier, N., Mao, Y., ..., & Whitehouse, H. (2018). Groups and Emotional Arousal Mediate Neural Synchrony and Perceived Ritual Efficacy. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 1664-1078. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02071.

Coleman III, T. J., Jong, J., & van Mulukom, V. (2018). Introduction to the Special Issue: What are Religious Beliefs? Contemporary Pragmatism, 15, 279-283. DOI: 10.1163/18758185-01503001.

Crawford, J., Ebner, J., & Usama Hasan, U. (2018). The Balanced Nation: Addressing the Challenges of Islamist and Far-Right Extremism in the Classroom. In Panjwani, F., et al., (eds.). Education and Extremisms. London: Routledge. 

Currie, T. E., Turchin, P., Whitehouse, H., François, P., et al. (2018). Reply to Tosh et al.: Quantitative analyses of cultural evolution require engagement with historical and archaeological research. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 115(26), E5841-E5842. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1807312115.

Curry, O. S., Rowland, L., Van Lissa, C. J., ..., & Whitehouse, H. (2018). Happy to Help? A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of performing acts of kindness on the well-being of the actor. Journal of Experimental Psychology. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2018.02.014.

Ebner, J., & Davey, J. (2018). Mainstreaming Mussolini: How the Extreme Right Attempted to ‘Make Italy Great Again’ in the 2018 Italian Election. London: Institute for Strategic Dialogue.

Feeney, K., Dirschl, C., ... François, P., et al. (2018). Use Cases. In Feeney, K., et al. (eds.), Engineering Agile Big-Data Systems. River Publishers Series in Software Engineering.

François, P., Grohmann, S., Eck, K., Whitehouse, H., et al. (2018). Evaluation. In Feeney, K., et al. (eds.), Engineering Agile Big-Data Systems. River Publishers Series in Software Engineering.

Gantley, M., Whitehouse, H., & Bogaard, A. (2018). Material Correlates Analysis (MCA): An innovative way of examining questions in archaeology using ethnographic data. Advances in Archaeological Practice. DOI: 10.1017/aap.2018.9.

Jackson, J. C., Jong, J., Bilkey, D., Whitehouse, H., et al. (2018). Synchrony and physiological arousal increase cohesion and cooperation in large naturalistic groups. Nature: Scientific Reports, 127. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-18023-4.

Jong, J. (2018). Beliefs are object-attribute associations of varying strength. Contemporary Pragmatism, 15, 284-301. DOI: 10.1163/18758185-01503002.

Jong, J., & Halberstadt, J. (2018). Death anxiety and religious belief: responses to commentaries. Religion, Brain & Behavior, 1-12. DOI:

Kapitány, R., Kavanagh, C., Whitehouse, H., & Nielsen, M. (2018). Examining memory for ritualized gesture in complex causal sequences. Cognition. DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2018.08.005.

Kavanagh, C., Jong, J. McKay, M., & Whitehouse, H. (2018). Positive experiences of high arousal martial arts rituals are linked to identity fusion and costly pro-group actions. European Journal of Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2514.

Mullins, D. A., Hoyer, D., ..., Whitehouse, H., & Turchin, P. (2018). A Systematic Assessment of "Axial Age" Proposals Using Global Comparative Historical Evidence. American Sociological Review. DOI: 10.1177/0003122418772567.

Newson, M., Bortolini, T., Buhrmester, M. D., ..., & Whitehouse, H. (2018). Brazil's football warriors: social bonding and inter-group violence. ScienceDirect. DOI: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2018.06.010.

Peregrine, P. N., Brennan, R., Currie, T, ..., & Whitehouse, H. (2018). Dacura: A new solution to data harvesting and knowledge extraction for the historical sciences. Historical Methods. DOI: 10.1080/01615440.2018.1443863.

Rybanska, V., McKay, R., Jong, J., & Whitehouse, H. (2017). Rituals improve children’s ability to delay gratificationChild Development. DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12762.

Spencer, G., & Alderdice, Lord, J. (2018). Forgiveness, the Individual and the Conflict Society. In Hance, S. (ed), Forgiveness in Practice. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Turchin, P., Currie, T. E., Whitehouse, H., François, P., et al. (2018). Quantitative historical analysis uncovers a single dimension of complexity that structures global variation in human social organization. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 115(2), E144-E151. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1708800115.

Turchin, P., Whitehouse, H., Korotayev, A., François, P., et al. (2018). Evolutionary Pathways to Statehood: Old Theories and New Data. SOCArXiv papers. DOI: 10.31235/

Whitehouse, H. (2018). Dying for the group: Towards a general theory of extreme self-sacrifice. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 41, e192, 1-62. DOI: 10.1017/S0140525X18000249.

Whitehouse, H. (2018). Four things we need to know about extreme self-sacrifice. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 41, e192, 44-52. DOI: 10.1017/S0140525X1800208X.

Whitehouse, H. (2018). The Dark Side to Loving a Group. In Almqvist, K., & Linklater, A. (eds.), Nations, States, and Empires: Perspectives from the Engelsberg Seminar 2017. Stockholm: Axel and Margaret Ax:son Johnson Foundation.

Whitehouse, H. (2018). Why is a Science of the Sociocultural so Difficult? In Klostergaard Petersen, A. et al. (eds.), Evolution, Cognition, and the History of Religion: a New Synthesis - Festschrift in Honour of Armin W. Geertz. Brill.

Willard, A. K., Nakawake, Y., & Jong, J. (2018). The evolution of the shaman's cultural toolkit [Commentary]. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 41, e89. DOI:



Atran, S. (2017). Radical Islam and the alt-Right are not so different. AEON.

Atran, S., Axelrod, R., Davis, R., & Fischhoff, B. (2017). Challenges in researching terrorism from the field. Science, 355(6323), 352-354. DOI: 10.1126/science.aaj2037.

Brewer, J., ..., Turchin, P., Whitehouse, H., & Sloan Wilson, D. (2017). Grand Challenges for the Study of Cultural Evolution. Nature Ecology & Evolution. DOI: 10.1038/s41559-017-0070.

Curry, O. S., Mullins, D. A., & Whitehouse, H. (2017). Is it good to cooperate? Testing the theory of morality-as-cooperation in 60 societiesCurrent Anthropology. DOI: 10.1086/701478.

Davey, J., & Ebner, J. (2017). The Fringe Insurgency. Connectivity, Convergence and Mainstreaming of the Extreme Right. London: Institute for Strategic Dialogue.

Ebner, J. (2017). The Rage: The Vicious Circle of Islamist and Far-Right Extremism. London/NY: I.B. Tauris.

Ebner, J., & Selig Chauhan, L. (2017). Families Succeed Where Weapons and Security Fail. Centre for Mediterranean Integration (CMI), MENA Office of The World Bank.

Gómez, A., Lopez-Rodriguez, L., Sheikh, H., ..., & Atran, S. (2017). The Devoted Actor’s Will to Fight and the Spiritual Dimension of Human Conflict. Nature Human Behavior, 1(9), 673-679.

Jackson, J., Jong, J., Bluemke, M., Poulter, P., et al. (2017). Testing the causal relationship between religiosity and death anxietyReligion, Brain, and Behavior, 8(1), 57-68. DOI: 10.1080/2153599X.2016.1238842.

Jong, J. (2017). Belief in spiritual beings: E. B. Tylor's (primitive) cognitive theory of religion. In Tremlett, P. F., Harvey, G., & Sutherland, L. T. (eds.), Edward Burnett Tylor, Religion and Culture. London: Bloomsbury.

Jong, J., & Halberstadt, J. (2017). What is the causal relationship between death anxiety and religious belief? Religion, Brain, and Behavior, 7(4), 296-298. DOI: 10.1080/2153599X.2016.1249916.

Jong, J., Ross, R., Philip, T., Chang, S., et al. (2017). The religious correlates of death anxiety: a systematic review and meta-analysisReligion, Brain, and Behavior, 8(1), 4-20. DOI: 10.1080/2153599X.2016.1238844.

Jong, J., Zahl, B. P., & Sharp, C. (2017). Indirect and implicit measures of religiosity. In Finke, R., & Bader, C. (eds.), Faithful Measures: New Methods in the Measurement of Religion. New York, NY: New York University Press.

Kavanagh, C. (2017). Too much, too little, or the wrong kind of 'theory' in the Study of Religions? Method & Theory in the Study of Religion, 30(4-5), 463-471. DOI: 10.1163/15700682-12341439.

Kavanagh, C., & Yuki, M. (2017). Culture & Group ProcessesOnline Readings in Psychology & Culture, 5(4). DOI: 10.9707/2307-0919.1154.

Lanman, J., & Buhrmester, M. D. (2017). Religious actions speak louder than words: CREDs exposure predicts theism. Religion, Brain, and Behavior, 7(1), 3-16. DOI: 10.1080/2153599X.2015.1117011

Newson, M. (2017). Football, fan violence, and identity fusion. International Review for the Sociology of Sport. DOI: 10.1177/1012690217731293.

Rybanska, V., McKay, R., Jong, J., & Whitehouse, H. (2017). Rituals improve children’s ability to delay gratification. Child Development, 89(2), 349-359. DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12762

Vázquez, A., ..., Ordoñana, J., Swann, W., & Whitehouse, H. (2017). Sharing genes fosters identity fusion and altruismSelf and Identity, 16(6), 684-702. DOI: 10.1080/15298868.2017.1296887.

Whitehouse, H. (2017). Twenty-Five Years of CSR: A Personal Retrospective. In Martin, L. H., & Wiebe, D. (eds.), The Cognitive Science of Religion after Twenty-Five Years. London: Bloomsbury Academic.

Whitehouse, H., & François, P. (2017). Ritual, Emotion, and Power. In Bailey, M. L., & Barclay, K. (eds.), Emotion, Ritual and Power in Europe, 1200-1920. Palgrave Macmillan. 

Whitehouse, H., Jong, J., Buhrmester, M. D., Gavrilets, S., et al. (2017). The evolution of extreme cooperation via shared dysphoric experiencesNature: Scientific Reports 7, 44292. DOI: 10.1038/srep44292.



Atran, S. (2016). The Devoted Actor: Unconditional Commitment and Intractable Conflict Across Cultures. Current Anthropology, 57(S13), S192-S203. DOI: 10.1086/685495.

Bluemke, M., Jong, J., Grevenstein, D., Mikloušić, I., et al. (2016). Measuring cross-cultural supernatural beliefs with self and peer reportsPLOS One, 11(10). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0164291.

François, P., Manning, J. G., Whitehouse, H., ..., & Turchin, P. (2016). A Macroscope for Global History: Seshat Global History Databank, a methodological overview. Digital Humanities Quarterly, 10(4).

Halberstadt, J., Jackson, J. C., Bilkey, D., ..., & Whitehouse, H. (2016). Incipient social groups: an analysis via in-vivo behavioral trackingPLOS One, 11(3), 215-228. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0149880.

Jong, J., & Halberstadt, J. (2016). Death anxiety and religious belief: An existential psychology of religion. London: Bloomsbury Academic.

Kavanagh, C. (2016) Religion without belief. Aeon.

McKay, R., & Whitehouse, H. (2016). Religion promotes a love for thy neighbour. But how big is the neighbourhood? (Commentary on Norenzayan et al.) Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 39(20). DOI: 10.1017/S0140525X15000503.

Nawaz, M., & Ebner, J. (2016). The EU and Terrorism: Is the UK Safer in or Out? The EU in A Changing Europe, King’s College London.

Newson, M., Buhrmester, M. D., & Whitehouse, H. (2016). Explaining lifelong loyalty: The role of identity fusion in shaping group eventsPLOS One, 11(8). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0160427.

Reddish, P., Tong, E. M. W., Jong, J., ..., & Whitehouse, H. (2016). Collective synchrony increases prosociality towards non-performers and outgroup members. British Journal of Social Psychology, 55, 722-738. DOI: 10.1111/bjso.12165.

Russell, J., Ebner, J., et al. (2016). Engaging Families to Counter Violent Extremism in North Africa: Opportunities and Challenges. Quilliam Foundation.

Watson-Jones, R. E., Whitehouse, H., & Legare, C. H. (2016). In-group ostracism increases high fidelity imitation in early childhoodPsychological Science, 27(1) 34-42. DOI: 10.1177/0956797615607205.

Whitehouse, H. (2016). Ritual and Social Evolution: Understanding social complexity through data. In Bozic, B. et al. (eds.), Computational History and Data-Driven Humanities. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, 482. Springer, Cham. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-46224-0 1.

Wilson, D. S., Hartberg, Y., MacDonald, I., Lanman, A. J., & Whitehouse, H.  (2016). The Nature of Religious Diversity: A Cultural Ecosystem Approach. Religion, Brain, and Behavior, 7(2), 134-153. DOI: 10.1080/2153599X.2015.1132243

Wilson, D. S., Hartberg, Y., MacDonald, I., ..., & Whitehouse, H. (2016). Cultural diversity really is like biological diversity: reply to comments on The Nature of Religious Diversity: A Cultural Ecosystem Approach (including Target Article). Religion, Brain, and Behavior, 7(2), 169-174, DOI: 10.1080/2153599X.2015.1132253

Wilson, D. S., & Whitehouse, H. (2016). Developing the Field Site Concept for the Study of Cultural EvolutionCliodynamics, 7(2). DOI: 10.21237/C7clio7233542.

Young, H., Ebner, J., et al. (2016). Evidence-Based Policy Advice. Terrorism and Radicalisation (TERRA), European Commission.



Bastian, B., Bain, P., Buhrmester, M.D., Gomez, A., Vazquez, A., & Swann, W.B. Jr. (2015). Moral vitalism: Seeing good and evil as real. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 41(8), 1069 - 1081.

Buhrmester, M. D., Fraser, W. T., ..., Whitehouse, H., & Swann Jr., W.B. (2015). When Terror Hits Home: Identity Fused Americans Who Saw Boston Bombing Victims as “Family” Provided Aid. Self and Identity, 14:3, 253-270. DOI: 10.1080/15298868.2014.992465.

Buhrmester, M.D., & Swann, W.B., Jr. (2015). Identity fusion. Emerging Trends in the Social and Behavioral Sciences: An Interdisciplinary, Searchable, and Linkable Resource. 1–15.

Currie, T. E., Bogaard, A., ..., Whitehouse, H., & Williams, A. (2015). Agricultural Productivity in Past Societies: Toward an Empirically Informed Model for Testing Cultural Evolutionary Hypotheses. Cliodynamics: The Journal of Quantitative History and Cultural Evolution, 6(1), pp. 24-56.

Deniz Salali, G., Whitehouse, H., & Hochberg, M. E. (2015). A Life-Cycle Model of Human Social Groups Produces a U-Shaped Distribution in Group Size. PLoS ONE, 10(9), e0138496.

Gaviria, E., Ferreira, C., Martínez, M., & Whitehouse H. (2015). Identity and the Developmental Origins of Fusion: An Exploratory Approach / La Identidad y Los Orígenes de la Fusion en el Desarrollo: Un Enfoque Exploratorio. Revista de Psicología Social / International Journal of Social Psychology, 30(3), 531-62.

Jackson, J., Halberstadt, J., Jong, J., & Felman, H. (2015). Perceived openness to experience accounts for religious homogamy. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 6(6), 630-638. 

Jiménez, J., Gómez, A., ..., Whitehouse, H., & Swann, Jr. W. B. (2015). The Dynamic Identity Fusion Index (DIFI): A New Continuous Measure of Identity Fusion for Web-Based Questionnaires. Social Science Computer Review. DOI: 10.1177/0894439314566178.

Jong, J. (2015). On (not) defining (non)religion. Science, Religion and Culture, 2(3), 15-24.

Jong, J., Kavanagh, C., & Visala, A. (2015). Born idolaters: The limits of the philosophical implications of the cognitive science of religion. Neue Zeitschrift für Systematische Theologie und Religionsphilosophie, 57(2), 244-266.

Jong, J., Whitehouse, H., Kavanagh, K., & Lane, J. (2015). Shared Negative Experiences Lead to Identity Fusion via Personal Reflection. PLoS ONE, 10(12), e0145611. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0145611.

Legare, C. H., Wen, N. J., Herrmann, P. A., & Whitehouse H. (2015). Imitative Flexibility and the Development of Cultural Learning. Cognition, 142, 351-361. DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2015.05.020.

Swann, W.B., Jr., & Buhrmester, M.D. (2015). Identity Fusion. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 24(1), 52-57.

Turchin, P. (2015). Ultrasociety: How 10,000 Years of War Made Humans the Greatest Cooperators on Earth. Connecticut: Beresta Books.

Turchin, P., Brennan, R., Currie, T., ..., & Whitehouse, H. (2015). Seshat: The Global History Databank. Cliodynamics: The Journal of Quantitative History and Cultural Evolution, 6(1), 77-107.

Whitehouse, H. (2015). Explaining Religion and Ritual. In Almqvist, K., & Linklater, A. (eds.), Religion: Perspectives from the Engelsberg Seminar 2014. Stockholm: Axel and Margaret Ax:son Johnson Foundation, 261-70.

Whitehouse, H., François, P., & Turchin, P. (2015). The Role of Ritual in the Evolution of Social Complexity: Five Predictions and a Drum Roll. Social Evolution Forum.



McKay, R., & Whitehouse, H. (2015). Religion and morality. Psychological Bulletin, 141(2), 447-473.

Russell, Y. I., Gobet, F., & Whitehouse, H. (2014). Mood, expertise, analogy, and ritual: an experiment using the five-disk Tower of HanoiReligion, Brain & Behavior, 6(1).

Watson-Jones, R., Legare, C. H., Whitehouse, H., & and Clegg, J. (2014). Task-Specific Effects of Ostracism on Imitative Fidelity in Early Childhood. Evolution and Human Behavior, 35(3), 204-210.

Whitehouse, H., & Lanman, J. A. (2014). The Ties that Bind Us: Ritual, Fusion, and Identification. Current Anthropology, 55(6).

Whitehouse, H., Mazzucato, C., Hodder, I., & Atkinson, Q. D. (2013). Modes of Religiosity and the Evolution of Social Complexity at Çatalhöyük. In Hodder, I. (ed.), Religion at Work in a Neolithic Society: Vital Matters. Cambridge: CUP.

Whitehouse, H., McQuinn, B., Buhrmester, M. D., & Swann, W.B. (2014). Brothers in Arms: Libyan Revolutionaries Bond Like Family. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(50), 17702-17703.



Bulbulia, J., ..., Atkinson, Q. D., ..., Whitehouse, H., ..., & Wilson, D. S. (2013). The Cultural Evolution of Religion. In Richerson, P. J., & Christiansen, M. H. (eds.), Cultural Evolution: Society, Technology, Language, and Religion (Strungmann Forum Reports). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Herrmann, P. A., Legare, C. H., Harris, P. L., & Whitehouse, H. (2013). Stick to the Script: The Effect of Witnessing Multiple Actors on Children’s Imitation. Cognition, 129, 536-543.

Hochberg, M. E. & Whitehouse, H. (2013). To Understand Present Day Cultures We Must Study the Past: a Commentary on David Sloan Wilson. Cliodynamics: The Journal of Theoretical and Mathematical History, 4:126-128.  

McKay, R., Herold, J., & Whitehouse, H. (2013). Catholic Guilt? Recall of Confession Promotes Prosocial Behavior. Religion, Brain, and Behavior, 3(3), 201-209.

Mullins, D., Whitehouse, H., & Atkinson, Q. D. (2013). The Role of Writing and Recordkeeping in the Cultural Evolution of Human Cooperation. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 90(Supplement), S141-S151.

Turchin, P., Currie, T. E., Turner, E. A. L., & Gavrilets, S. (2013). War, Space, and the Evolution of Old World Complex SocietiesPNAS, 110, 16384-16389.

Whitehouse, H. (2013). Immortality, Creation, and Regulation: Updating Durkheim’s Theory of the Sacred. In Xygalatas, D., & McCorkle, L. W. (eds.), Mental Culture: Classical Social Theory and the Cognitive Science of Religion. Durham: Acumen.

Whitehouse, H. (2013). Religion, Cohesion, and Hostility. In Clarke, S., Powell, R., & Savulescu, J. (eds.), Religion, Intolerance and Conflict: A Scientific and Conceptual Investigation. Oxford University Press.

Whitehouse, H. (2013). Rethinking Proximate Causation and Development in Religious Evolution. In Richerson, P. J., & Christiansen, M. H. (eds.), Cultural Evolution: Society, Technology, Language, and Religion (Strungmann Forum Reports). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Whitehouse, H. (2013). Ritual and Acquiescence to Authoritative Discourse. Religion, Brain, and Behavior, 3(1), 76-79.

Whitehouse, H. (2013). Three Wishes for the World (with comment). Cliodynamics: The Journal of Theoretical and Mathematical History, 4(2).

Whitehouse, H., & McQuinn, B. (2013). Ritual and Violence: Divergent Modes of Religiosity and Armed Struggle. In Juergensmeyer, M., Kitts, M., & Jerryson, M. (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence. Oxford: Oxford University Press.



Swann, W. B., Jensen, J., ..., Whitehouse, H., & Bastian, B. (2012). When Group Membership Gets Personal: A Theory of Identity Fusion. Psychological Review, 119(3), 441-456.

Turchin, P., Whitehouse, H., François, P., ..., & Collard, M. (2012). A Historical Database of Sociocultural Evolution. Cliodynamics: The Journal of Theoretical and Mathematical History, 3(2), 271-293.

Whitehouse, H. (2012). Cognition, Evolution and the Future of Social Anthropology. In Fardon, R., Harris, O., Marchand, T. H. J., et al. (eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Social Anthropology. SAGE Publications: London.

Whitehouse, H. (2012). Explaining Ritual. In Dawes, G., & Maclaurin, J. (eds.), A New Science of Religion. New York: Routledge.

Whitehouse, H. (2012). Ritual, Cognition, and Evolution. In Sun, R. (ed.), Grounding the Social Sciences in the Cognitive Sciences. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.

Whitehouse, H., & Cohen, E. (2012). Seeking a Rapprochement Between Anthropology and the Cognitive Sciences: A Problem-Driven Approach. Topics in Cognitive Science, 4(3), 404-412.

Whitehouse, H., Kahn, K., Hochberg, M. E., & Bryson, J. J. (2012). The Role for Simulations in Theory Construction for the Social Sciences: Case Studies Concerning Divergent Modes of Religiosity. Religion, Brain, and Behavior, 2(3), 182-201.



Atkinson, Q. D., & Whitehouse, H. (2011). The Cultural Morphospace of Ritual Form: Examining Modes of Religiosity Cross-Culturally. Evolution and Human Behavior, 32(1), 50-62.

Whitehouse, H. (2011). Religious Reflexivity and Transmissive Frequency. In Michaels. A. (ed.), Ritual Dynamics and the Science of Ritual. Wiesbeden: Harrassowitz Verlag.

Whitehouse, H. (2011). Religious Universals and Religious Variation. In Biro, T., & Czachesz, I. (eds.), Changing Minds: Religion and Cognition Through the Ages. Leuven: Peeters Publishers.

Whitehouse, H. (2011). The Coexistence Problem in Psychology, Anthropology, and Evolutionary Theory. Human Development, 54, 191-199.

Whitehouse, H. (2011). Whence and Whither Social Anthropology? Annales de la Fondation Fyssen Hors Serie – 30e Anniversaire, 19-29.

Whitehouse, H. (2011). Whence and Whither Sociocultural Anthropology. In Slingerland, E., & Collard, M. (eds.), Creating Consilience: Integrating the Sciences and Humanities. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Whitehouse, H., Mazzucato, C., & Atkinson, Q. D. (2011). Ritual Community and Conflict Project. Çatalhöyük 2011 Archive Report, Çatalhöyük Research Project.



McKay, R., Efferson, C., Whitehouse, H., & Fehr, E. (2010). Wrath of God: Religious Primes and Punishment. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 278, 1858-1863.

Whitehouse, H., & Hodder, I. (2010). Modes of Religiosity at Çatalhöyük. In Hodder, I. (ed.), Religion in the Emergence of Civilization: Çatalhöyük as a Case Study. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.



Whitehouse, H. (2009). Graeco-Roman Religions and the Cognitive Science of Religion. In Martin, L. H., & Pachis, P. (eds.), Imagistic Traditions in the Graeco-Roman World. Thessaloniki: Vanias.



Cohen, E., Lanman, J. A., McCauley, R. N., & Whitehouse, H. (2008). Common Criticisms of the Cognitive Science of Religion – Answered. The Council of Societies for the Study of Religion Bulletin, 379(4), 112-115.

Whitehouse, H. (2008). Cognitive Evolution and Religion; Cognition and Religious Evolution. In Bulbulia, J., Sosis, R., Harris, E., ..., & Wyman, K. (eds.), The Evolution of Religion: Studies, Theories, and Critiques. Santa Margarita, CA: Collins Foundation Press.

Whitehouse, H. (2008). Modes of Religiosity. The Council of Societies for the Study of Religion Bulletin, 37(4), 108-112.



Whitehouse, H. (2007). Terror. In Corrigan, J. (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Emotion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Whitehouse, H. (2007). The Evolution and History of Religion. In Parkin, D., & Ulijaszek, S. (eds.), Holistic Anthropology. Oxford: Berghahn.

Whitehouse, H. (2007). Towards an Integration of Ethnography, History and the Cognitive Science of Religion. In Whitehouse, H., & Laidlaw, J. (eds.), Religion, Anthropology and Cognitive Science. Durham: Carolina Academic Press.



Whitehouse, H. (2006). Appropriated and Monolithic Christianity in Melanesia. In Cannell, F. (ed.), The Anthropology of Christianity. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Whitehouse, H. (2006). Cognition et Religion. In Fussman, G. (ed.), Croyance, Raison et Déraison. Paris: Odile Jacob Editions.

Whitehouse, H. (2006). Reasoning about dead agents: a cross-cultural perspective [Commentary]. Behavioural and Brain Sciences. 29(5), 485-486. 

Whitehouse, H. (2006). Transmission. In Stausberg, M. (ed.), Theorizing Rituals: Issues, Topics, Approaches, Concepts. Leiden: Brill.